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Completed in 1893 as the main building of Westminster University, a Presbyterian college, the Westminster Castle only served in that capacity from 1908 to 1917. As a male-only institution, it lost its student body in 1917 when everyone enlisted to serve in World War I. It was purchased in 1920 by the Pillar of Fire Church and has served ever since as the Bellevue Schools. The Castle's design is archetypical Richardsonian Romanesque, a Classical Revival style featuring strong massing, round-headed arches, recessed entrances, heavy rustication, and cylindrical towers with conical caps.